Pope Urban II
Pope Urban II was a main contributer in the First Crusade. He was born in 1035 and died in 1099 and was pope between the years of 1088 to 1099. He was the major force of power in the church. Pope Urban II was the main benefactor of Alexis I. He targeted Islam as an enemy of Christians.
Alexis I was a Byzantine emperor during the time of the First Crusade. His rein was from 1081 to 1118. He requested assistant from Pope Urban II for protection of Christians.
Richard the Lionhearted
Richard the Lionhearted was the King of England. He negociated a treaty with the Muslim King Saladin to allow Christians to visit the Holy shrines in Jerusalem. He reined from 1189 until his death in 1199.
King Saladin was the first sultan of Eygpt in Seria. He recaptured Jerusalem in 1187 for the Muslims after defeating the King of Jerusalem at the Battle of Hattin. He wanted to capture a lot of territory. King Saladin ruled from 1174 to 1193.
Frederick Barbarossa was the emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1152 to 1190. He organized an army of Crusaders in the German Empire and headed for Jerusalem. On his way, he tried to cross a river with his horse due to his impatients for his army to cross a bridge. Unfortunately, he and his steed were swept away by the rivers current and he drowned due to heavy armor.
Pope Gregory VIII
Pope Gregory VIII was involved in the Third Crusade. He addressed Bishops reminding them of their duties and responsilbilites to the Roman Catholc Church urging the Third Crusade to recovery Jerusalem. He reined a short period of time and died in 1187.